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Israel's Davidic Dynasty

by David Hughes



·         The Amplified Bible, Expanded Edition. Zondervan (1987).

·         The Holy Bible: A Translation from the Latin Vulgate. Tr. by Ronald Knox. Sheed & Ward (1950).

·         The Septuagint Bible. Tr. by Charles Thomson. Ed. by C. A. Muses. Falcon’s Wing Press (1954).


·         The Apocryphal Old Testament. Ed. by H.F.D. Sparks. Clarendon Press (1985).

·         The Apocryphal New Testament. Ed. by Montague R. James. Clarendon Press (1986).

·         New Testament Apocrypha. 2 vols. Lutterworth Press (1975).

·         Coptic Apocryphal Gospels. Ed. by Forbes Robinson. Cambridge UP (1896).

·         The Lost Books of The Bible. Alpha House, Inc. (1926).


·         Bialik, H.N., & Ravnitzky, Y.H. (eds.). The Book of Legends (Sefer Ha-Aggadah). Tr. by William G. Braude. Davka Corp. (1995).

·         Ginzberg, Louis, The Legends of The Jews. 7 vols. Jewish Pub. Society (1946-7).

·         James, Montague. Old Testament Legends. Longmans, Green, & Co. (1913).

·         Kramer, Samuel (ed.), Mythologies of the New Testament. Anchor Books/Doubleday (1961).

·         Levin, Meyer. Classic Hassidic Tales. Dorset Press (1985).


part 1: patriarchs, judges, & kings

·         Albright, William F. From the Stone Age to Christianity. Johns Hopkins (1957).

·         Burrington, Gilbert. An Arrangement of the Genealogies in the Old Testament and Apocrypha. 2 vols. C. & J. Rivington; W. Strong (1836).

·         Castel, F. The History of Israel and Judah in Old Testament Times. Paulist Press (1985).

·         Coggins, R.J. The First and Second Books of Chronicles. Cambridge UP (1976).

·         Cody, A. A History of the Old Testament Priesthood. Pontifical Biblical Institute (1969).

·         Conroy, Charles. 1-2 Samuel, 1-2 Kings: with an excursus on Davidic Dynasty and Holy City Zion. Michael Glazier (1983).

·         Craigen, Trevor. Ancient Near Eastern Genealogies and I Chronicles 1-9: A Comparative Study. Thesis (Th. M.) Grace Theological Seminary (1980).

·         Crockett, W.D. (ed.). A Harmony of the Books of Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles. Baker Book House (1979).

·         Faulstich, E.W. History, Harmony, and The Hebrew Kings. Chronology Books (1986).

·         Gray, J.C. I and II Kings: A Commentary. Westminster Press (1970).

·         Hayes, J.H., & P.K. Hooker. A New Chronology for the Kings of Israel and Judah. John Knox Press (1988).

·         Ishida, Tomoo. The Royal Dynasties in Ancient Israel: A Study on the Formation and Development of Royal-Dynastic Ideology. Walter de Gruyter (1977).

·         Johnson, Aubrey R. Sacral Kingship in Ancient Israel. 2nd edn. Wales UP (1967).

·         Kirchheim, Raphael. Commentar zur Chronik. (1874)

·         Levenson, J,D. ‘The Davidic Covenant and Its Modern Interpreters‘, article in “Catholic Biblical Quarterly”, vol. 41, 1979, pp 205-219.

·         Mettinger, Tryggve. King and Messiah: The Civil and Sacred Legitimation of the Israelite Kings. Coronet Books (1976).

·         McKenzie, J.L. ‘Royal Messianism’, article in “Catholic Biblical Quarterly”, vol. 19, 1957, pp 25-52.

·         McLain, Charles E. An Investigation of Psalm 78 as Political Accession Justification for the Davidic Dynasty, thesis [Ph. D.], Westminster Theological Seminary (1996).

·         Myers, J.M. (ed. & tr.). I and II Chronicles. 2 vols. Doubleday & Co. (1965; 1973).

·         Oesterley, W.O.E., and Theodore H. Robinson. A History of Israel. 2 vols. Oxford UP (1934).

·         Polish, David. “Give Us A King”: Legal-Religious Sources of Jewish Sovereignty. KTAV Pub. House (Hoboken, NJ: 1989).

·         Pomyala, Kenneth E. The Davidic Dynasty Tradition in Early Judaism: Its History and Significance for Messianiam.  Scholars Press (1995).

·         Roberts, J.J.M. “The Davidic Origin of the Zion Tradition’, article in “Journal of Biblical Literature”, vol. 92, 1973, pp 329-344.

·         Rothstein, J.W. Genealogie des Koings. Reuther & Reichard (1902).

·         Smith, S. Isaiah Chapters XL-LV: Literary Criticism and History. Oxford UP (1982).

·         Thiele, E.R. The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings. Kregel Pub. (1944).

·         Wilson, R.R. ‘The Old Testament Genealogies in Recent Research’, article in “Journal of Biblical Literature, vol. 94, 1975, pp 169-189.

part 2: The Exile & Post Exile Periods

·         Ackroyd, Peter R. Exile and Restoration. Westminster Press (1968).

·         -----------------------. Israel under Babylon and Persia. Oxford UP (1970).

·         Bashan, Eli'ezer. Mivhar bibliyografi 'al rashut ha-golah, ha-nesi'ut veha-negidut ba-mizrah. Univ. Bar-Ilan (1974).

·         Bickerman, Elias J. From Ezra to the last of the Maccabees. Schocken Books (1962).

·         -------------------------. The Jews in The Greek Age. Harvard UP (1988).

·         Cross, F.M. ‘A Reconstruction of the Judaean Restoration’, article in “Journal of Biblical Literature”, vol. 94 (1975), pp 4-18.

·         Foerster, Werner. From the Exile to Christ. Fortress Press (1964).

·         Funk, S. Die Juden in Babylonien (1902).

·         Goodblatt, David M. The Monarchic Principle: studies in Jewish self-government in antiquity. J.C.B. Mohr (P. Siebeck) (1994).

·         Latimer, E.W. Judea: from Cyrus to Titus 537BC-70AD. A.C. McClurg & Co. (1899).

·         Lofthouse, W.F. Israel after The Exile, Sixth and Fifth Centuries B.C. Greenwood Press (1979).

·         McCullough, W. Stewart. The History and Literature of the Palestinian Jews: from Cyrus to Herod. Toronto UP (1975).

·         McEvenue, S.E. ‘The Political Structure in Judah from Cyrus to Nehemiah’, article in “Catholic Biblical Quarterly”, vol. 43 (1981), pp 353-364.

·         Neusner, Jacob. A History of the Jews in Babylonia, 5 vols. (1965-70).

·         ---------------------. Israel's Politics in Sasanian Iran: Jewish Self-Government in Talmudic Times. University Press of America (1986).

·         Rabinowich, Nosson D. (tr.). The Iggeres of Rav Sherira Gaon. Rabbi Jacob Joseph School Press (1988).

·         Sacchi, Paolo. The History of the Second Temple Period. Sheffield Academic Press (2000).

·         Sellin, Ernst. Studien zur entstehungsgeschichte der Judischen gemeinde nach dem Babylonischen Exil. Deichert (Leipzig: 1901).

·         Whitley, C.F. The Exilic Age. Westminster Press (1957).

·         Zadok, Ran. The Pre-Hellenistic Israelite Anthroponymy and Prosopography. Uitgeverij Peeters. (Leuven: 1988).

part 3: The Maccabees

·         Pearlman, Moshe. The Maccabees. Weidenfeld & Nicolson (1973).

part 4: The Herodians

·         Busch, Fritz-Otto. The Five Herods. Tr. by E.W. Dickes. Robert Hale Ltd. (1958).

·         Farrar, F.W.D. The Herods. E.R. Herrick & Co. (1898).

·         Jones, A.H.M. The Herods of Judaea. Clarendon Press (1938).

·         Kokkinos, Nikos. The Herodian Dynasty. Sheffield Academic Press (1998).

part 5: New Testament Histories

·         Bruce, F.F. New Testament History. Doubleday & Co. (1971).

·         Charlesworth, James, et al. (eds.). The Messiah. Fortress Press (1992).

·         Chilton, Bruce. The Temple of Jesus: His Sacrificial Program within a Cultural History of Sacrifice. Pennsylvania UP (1992).

·         Ebrard, J.A.H. Gospel History. T. & T. Clark (1863).

·         Edersheim, Alfred. Life and Times of Jesus The Messiah. Hendrickson Publishers, Inc (1993).

·         Hebert, Arthur G. The Throne of David, a Study of the Fulfillment of the Old Testament in Jesus Christ and His Church. Faber & Faber (1941).

·         Hoffman, R. Joseph (et al.). Jesus in History & Myth. Prometheus Books (1986).

·         Lightfoot, R.H. History and Interpretation in The Gospels. Harper & Bros. (1934).

·         Schurer, Emil. The History of the Jewish People in the Age of Jesus Christ. 3 vols. T. & T. Clark (1973-86).

·         Scroggie, W.G. A Guide to The Gospels. Revell Co. (1948).

·         Taylor, Vincent. Jesus and His Sacrifice. Macmillan & Co., Ltd. (1937).

part 6: The Holy Family

·         Barndollar, W.W. Jesus’ Title to the Throne of David. Dunham Pub. Co. (1963).

·         Bauckham, Richard. Jude and the Relatives of Jesus in the Early Church. T. & T. Clack (1990).

·         Bell, James B. The Roots of Jesus: A Genealogical Investigation. Doubleday & Co. (1983).

·         Boobyer, G.H. ‘Jude’, article in Peake’s Commentary on the Bible. Ed. by M. Black & H. Rowley. Nelson. (1963).

·         Bornkamm, G., with G. Barth & H. Held. Tradition and Interpretation in Matthew. Westminster Press (1963).

·         Blinzler, J. ‘Die Bruder und Schwestern Jesu’, article in “Stuttgarter Bibelstudien”, vol. 21, 1967, pp...

·         Briggs, C.A. “The Gospel of the Infancy” , pp 159-166, in New Light on the Life of Jesus. Scribner’s (1904).

·         Brown, Albert. The Tree of Life: the Genealogy of Christ. New Hope Press (1975).

·         Brown, Raymond E. et al. (eds). Mary in the New Testament. Fortress Press (1978).

·         Clelland, George. ‘Genealogy of Christ’, article in “Bibliotheca Sacra”, vol. 18, 1861, pp 410-441.

·         Danker, F.W. Jesus and the New Age. Clayton (1972).

·         Derrett, J.D.M. ‘Further Light on the Narratives of the Nativity’, article in “Novum Testamentum”, vol. 17, 1975, pp 81-108.

·         Eisenman, Robert. James, The Brother of Jesus. Viking Press (1996).

·         Ellis, Ralph. Jesus, Last of The Pharaohs. Edfu Books (1999).

·         Hebert, A.G. ‘The Virgin Mary as the Daughter of Zion’, article in “Theology”, vol. 53, 1950, pp 403-410.

·         Hutchinson, John. The Genealogies of Jesus Christ. Western Conservative Baptist Seminary (1978).

·         Kilpatrick, G.D. ‘Jesus, His Family and His Disciples’, article in “Journal for the Study of the  New Testament”, vol. 15, 1982, pp 3-19.

·         Machen, J. Gresham. The Virgin Birth of Christ. Harper & Bros. Pub. (1932).

·         Masson, Jacques. Jesus, fils de David, dans les genealogies de saint Mathieu et de saint Luc. Tequi (1982).

·         McHugh, John. The Mother of Jesus in the New Testament. Darton, Longman & Todd, Ltd (1975).

·         Meinardus, O.F.A. In the Steps of the Holy Family from Bethlehem to Egypt. Dar Al-Maaref (1965).

·         Meyer, A. & W. Bauer. ‘The Relatives of Jesus’, essay in “New Testament Apocrypha”, ed. by E. Hennecke, W. Schneemelcher & R. McL. Wilson, vol. 1, 1963, pp 418-432.

·         Minnick, Mark A. The Matthean Genealogy and Birth Account of Jesus Christ. Thesis [Ph. D.], Bob Jones University (1983).

·         Nolle, L. ‘Old Testament Laws of Inheritance and St. Luke’s Genealogy of Christ’, article in “Scripture”, vol. 2, 1947, pp 38-42.

·         Pannenberg, Wolfhart. Jesus: God and Man. Tr. by Lewis L. Wilkins & Duane A. Priebe. Westminster Press (1982).

·         Richards, H.J. ‘The Three Kings (Mt. ii. 1-12)’, article in “Scripture”, vol. 8, 1956, pp 23-38.

·         Robertson, A.T. A Harmony of The Gospels. Harper & Bros. Pub. (1922).

·         Sanders, H.A. ‘The Genealogies of Jesus’, article in “Journal of Biblical Literature”, vol. XXXII, 1913, pp 184-193.

·         Stillion, J.C. The Two Genealogies of Jesus: Compared, Explained, Harmonized. The Biola Book Room, Bible Institute of Los Angeles (1960).

·         Wood, W.F. Problems in the Genealogy of Christ. Dallas Theological Seminary. (1976).

part 7: Church History

·         Baur, F.C. The Church History of the First Three Centuries. (3rd edn.) 2 vols. Ed. by A. Menzies. Williams & Norgate (1878-9).

·         Diebelius, M. Studies in the Acts of the Apostles. Ed. by H. Greeven. Tr. by M. Ling & P. Schubert. Scribner’s (1956).

·         Eusebius. The History of the Church from Christ to Constantine. Translation of “Historia Ecclesiastica”. Tr. by Geoffrey A. Williams. New York UP (1966).

·         Harnack, Adolf. The Constitution and Law of the Church in the First Two Centuries. Tr. by F. L. Pogson. Ed. by H.D.A. Major. G.P. Putnam’s Sons (1910).

·         Lietzmann, H. The Beginnings of the Christian Church. Tr. by B. L. Woolf. Nicholson & Watson (1937).

·         Maier, Paul L. Eusebius. The Church History: A New Translation with Commentary. Kregel Pub. (1999).

·         Meyrick, Thomas. Lives of the Early Popes. 2 vols. R. Washbourne (1878-80).

·         Moore, G.F. Judaism in the First Three Centuries of the Christian Era. Harvard UP (1927).

·         Pseudo-Clement. The Clementine Homilies. Tr. by T. Smith, P. Peterson, & J. Donaldson. T. &. T. Clack (1870).

·         Schoeps, H.J. Jewish Christianity: Factional Disputes in the Early Church. Fortress Press (1969).

·         various authors. The Apostolic Fathers. Baker Book House (1987). 

·         Weiss, J. Earliest Christianity. Tr. by F.C. Grant. 2 vols. Harper & Row (1959).

part 8: Medieval Jewish Exilarchs & Patriarchs

·         Bashan, E; Hirschberg, H.; Mivhar bibliografi 'al rashut ha-golah, ha-nesi'ut veha-negidut ba-Mizrah. Bar Ilan Univ., Ramat-Gan (1974).

·         Beer, M. Rashut Ha-Golah bi yeme Ha-Mishnah veha tal, 2nd edn., Ramat-Gan (1976).

·         Begg, C.T. ‘The Significance of Jehoiachin’s Release: A New Proposal‘, article in “Journal for the Study of the Old Testament”, vol. 36, 1986, pp 49-56.

·         Blumenkranz, Bernhard. Juifs et Chretiens dans Le Monde Occidental, 430-1096 (1960).

·         Bryant-Abraham, Charles. "De Domo Et Familia David" …

·         Fischel, W.I. "The 'Resh Galuta' in Arabic Literature", pp 181-187, in "Magnes Anniversary Book", by F.I. Baer (ed.) (1938).

·         Gil, Moshe. ‘The Exilarchate’, pp 33-65 in The Jews of Medieval Islam, ed. by Daniel Frank. E.J. Brill (1995).

·         Goode, Alexander D. ‘The Exilarchate in the Eastern Caliphate’, article in “Jewish Quarterly Review”, vol. 31, no. 2, 1940-1, pp 149-169.

·         Grossman, A. Rashut Ha-Golah be bavel bi tekufat Ha-Geonim [The Babylonian Exilarchate in the Gaonic Period] (1984).

·         Lazarus, Felix. ‘Die Haupter der Vertriebenen’, article in “Jahrbucher fur Judische Geschicte und Literatur”, vol. 10, 1890, pp

·         Le Strange, G. The Lands of the Eastern Caliphate. Cambridge UP (1905).

·         Levy, Avigdor. The Jews of the Ottoman Empire. Darwin Press (1994).

·         Neubauer, Adolf. Mediaeval Jewish Chronicles. Philo Press (1970).

·         Reifman, Jacob. Resh Galuta, in Bikkurim (1864).

·         Rosenstein, Neil. The Unbroken Chain: biographical sketches and the genealogy of illustrious Jewish families from the 15th-20th century. 2 vols. rev. edn. CIS Pub. (1990).

·         Roth, Cecil (ed.). The Encyclopedia Judaica. 16 vols. Keter Pub. House (1971-2).

·         Roth, Norman. Jews, Visigoths, and Muslims in Medieval Spain. E.J. Brill (1994).

·         Shaw, Stanford. The Jews of the Ottoman Empire. Macmillan (1992).

·         Singer Isidore (ed.). The Jewish Encyclopedia. 12 vols. Funk & Wagnalls (1901-5).

·         Valle Rodriguez, Carlos del. El Orden De Las Generaciones = Seder ha-Dorot. Aben Ezra Ediciones (1997).

·         Wein, Berel [Rabbi]. Herald of Destiny: The Story of the Jews in the Medieval Era 750-1650. Shaar Press (1993).

·         Zuckerman, Arthur. A Jewish Princedom in Feudal France. Columbia UP (1972).

part 9: modern Davidic descendants

·         article by David Kelley in “Toledot”, winter 1977-8 issue, vol. 1, # 3, examines the plausibility of claims of descent from King David of Israel made by three Jewish families today, which are: the Dayan Family, the Charlap Family, and, the Shaltiel Family. The article goes on to say that the Dayan family has the best claim “who are descended with little doubt from the medieval Jewish exilarchs”

A. The Dayan Family

·         the "Dayan-Pedigree" is found in an unpublished manuscript written in 1617 by the Rabbi Kehahr [abrev. = Kevod HaRav HaGaon]

·         the Dayan-Pedigree is found in “Yashir Moshe” (1879), by Moshe Dayan, recently reprinted by Machon Haktav, of Rabbi Bazri [note: the remarkable eight-generation match between a pedigree from the Cairo Genizah [Dropsie 462] and the Dayan pedigree is very good support for the care with which the pedigree has been preserved over time]

·         a “Ketav Yichus (1830) [a parchment], which records the Dayan-Pedigree

·         contemporary Dayan family-records, connects the modern Dayan Family with the Dayan-Pedigree in “Yashir Moshe” (1879) & other works:

·         see  Dayan Family website:

·         Dayan, Mitchell M. (ed.) "The Dayan Family" [chart]. Triangle Printers. (Skokie, Ilinois: 2003).

B. The Charlap/Levine Family

·         Menton, Arthur F. The Book of Destiny = Toledot Charlap. King David Press (1996).

·         ----------------------.  Ancilla to Toledat Charlap. King David Press (1999).

·         see Ibn Yahya/Charlap Family website:

C. Ancestry and Descendants of The Maharal of Prague

·         see

·         see

·         see_Schneerson_Family_website

part 10: general works

·         Adams, James McKee. Ancient Records and The Bible. Broad Press (1946).

·         Amuli, Awliya Allah. Tarikh-i Ruyan (1969).

·         Baer, Yitzhak. History of the Jews in Christian Spain (1961).

·         Barnavi, Eli, & Miriam Eliav-Feldon (eds.). A Historical Atlas of the Jewish People. Knopf (1992).

·         Benson, Michael E. Hasmoneans, Herodians and Davidic Descent: kings and kingship in post-Biblical Jewish Literature. Thesis [Ph. D.], New York University (1996).

·         Capsali, Elijah. Seder Eliyahu Zuta. Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem (1975). [see ch 58 in vol. 1, pp 182-4]

·         Delitzsch, Friedrich. Babel and Bible. Ed. with into. by C.H.W. Johns. G.P. Putnam’s Sons (1903).

·         Dunham-Massey, John, & John J. Pearson. Tamar Tephi, the Jewish Princess. William Hardwick (1918).

·         Gil, Moshe. A History of Palestine, 634-1099. Cambridge UP (1992).

·         Haley, John W. Alleged Discrepancies of The Bible. Whitaker House (1992).

·         Houghton, H.D. The Stem of Jesse and The Royal Line. Houghton & Sons (1947).

·         Horsley, R.A., & J.S. Hanson. Bandits, Prophets, and Messiahs. Harper & Row (1985).

·         Josephus, Flavius. Josephus. 9 vols. Harvard UP (1966-9).

·         Kissick, Robert G. The Irish Prince and the Hebrew Prophet. Masonic Pub. Co. (1896).

·         Kramer, Samuel N. (ed.) Mythologies of The Ancient World. Anchor/Doubleday (1961).

·         Lavi, Habib. Comprehensive History of the Jews of Iran. Mazda Pub. (1999).

·         Lazarus, Felix. Die Haupter der Vertriebenen. H.L. Bronner (1890).

·         Lenowitz, Harris. The Jewish Messiahs. Oxford UP (1998).

·         Lightfoot, John. Horae Hebraicae et Talmudicae. Olivarium de Varennes (1677).

·         Lockyer, Herbert. All the Men of The Bible. Zondervan (1958).

·         --------------------. All the Kings and Queens of The Bible. Zondervan (1961).

·         --------------------. All the Women of The Bible. Zondervan (1967).

·         McCurdy, James. History, Prophecy and the Monuments: or Israel and the Nations. 3 vols. Macmillan & Co. (1898).

·         Mueller, S.; Beermann, M. Juedische Geschichte. J.B. Metzler (1925).

·         Payne, J.B. An Outline of Hebrew History. Baker Book House (1954).

·         Parrot, Andre. The Tower of Babel. SCM Press (1955).

·         Rabow, Jerry. 50 Jewish Messiahs. Gefen Books (2002).

·         Redford, Donald. Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times. Princeton UP (1992).

·         Rottenberg, Dan. Finding Our Fathers: A Guidebook to Jewish Genealogy. Random House (1977).

·         Russell, D.S. Between the Testaments. Muhlenberg Press (1960).

·         Sachar, Abram L. A History of The Jews. 4th edn., rev. & enl. Knopf (1953).

·         Sack, Ronald. Amel-Marduk: 562-560 B.C. Butzon & Bercker (1972).

·         Sardadvar, Abu Turab. Ta'rikh-i Nizami va Siyasi-yi Dawran-i Nadir Shah Afshar. (Tihran, 1975).

·         Schwennicke, Detlev (ed.). Europaische Stammtafeln, Band III, Tafel 532b ["...aus der verbindung mit einem judischen madchen gt La Paloma..."]

·         Terrey, Robert J. Satan's Attack on the Bloodline of Christ: A New Book of Amazing Facts. Morris Pub. (1998).

·         Watson, Arthur. The early Iconography of the Tree of Jesse. Oxford UP (1934).

·         Whitehead, Earnest L. The House of Israel: a treatise. Press of Zion's Print. & Pub. Co. (1947)

·         Wiseman, D. John (ed.). Chronicles of Chaldean Kings. British Museum (1956).

·         Zahir al-Din Mar'ashi; Boris Andreevich Dorn. Geschichte von Tabaristan, Rujan und Masanderan. Kaiserliche Akademie der Wissenschaften (1850).


·         Achtemeier, Paul J. (ed.). Harper’s Bible Dictionary. Harper & Row (1985)

·         Black, M, & H. Rowley (eds.). Peake’s Commentary on the Bible. Thomas Nelson (1962).

·         Bromiley, Geoffrey W. (ed.). The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 4 vols. Eerdmans (1979).

·         Buttrick, G.A. (et al.) (eds.). The Interpreter’s Bible: A Commentary. 12 vols. Abingdon Press (1981).

·         Carson, D.A. (et al.) (eds.). New Bible Commentary. 21st edn. Inter-Varsity Press (1994).

·         Douglas, J.D. (et al.) (eds.). The New Bible Dictionary. Eerdmans (1962).

·         Freedman, David N. (ed.). The Anchor Bible Dictionary. Doubleday & Co. (1992).

·         Henry, Matthew. Matthew Henry’s Commentary (complete & unabridged). 6 vols. Hendrickson Pub. (1991).

·         Roth, Cecil (ed.). Encyclopedia Judaica. 16 vols. Macmillan (New York: 1972).

·         Unger, Merrill F. Unger’s Bible Dictionary. Moody Press (1969).


genealogical data of the desposyni is gleaned from


among which are

Ÿ Philo of Alexandria, c 30BC-AD45, wrote about the history of his times

Ÿ Tacitus wrote his “Annales” & other  writings

Ÿ Pliny “The Elder”, wrote “Epistulae”

Ÿ Thucydides, wrote

Ÿ Clement of Rome, c AD 95, wrote “V Corinthians” (“III & IV” written also by St. Paul were lost), and wrote many letters revealing much about the history of people, places, and things, in the Early Church

Ÿ Flavius Josephus, Josephus, includes “Antiquities” & “the Jewish War”

Ÿ Pliny “The Younger”, c100, wrote a “Letter to Trajan

Ÿ Polycarp of Smyrna, c 110, wrote

Ÿ Ignatius,  AD 110, wrote “Epistle to the Trallians”, and another to the “Smyrnaeans

Ÿ Papias, wrote “Sayings of The Lord” about 110

Ÿ The Didache, written between AD 80 and 120, speaks of the “desposyni”

Ÿ Epistle of Barnabas“, written between AD 90 and 120, was written in a formula commonly only applied to scripture

Ÿ The Shepherd of Hermas“, written between AD 100 and 140, the “Pilgrim’s Progress” of ancient Christian literature

Ÿ Quadratus (75-145) wrote

Ÿ a “Rescript” by the Roman Emperor Hadrian written in 135 against the “desposyni”

Ÿ unknown author wrote “Edessan Archives

Ÿ Aristo (100-160), wrote “Bar Cochba’s Revolt

Ÿ Agrippa Castor, wrote

Ÿ 2 Clement, written  between 120-160

Ÿ Justin Martyr, c 140, wrote ”Apologies”, refers to the “gospels” as the “Memoirs of The Apostles

Ÿ Hermas, c 97-110

Ÿ Papias of Hierapolis, c 145, wrote

Ÿ Epistola Apostolorum”, written c 145

Ÿ Hegesippus, c 155, wrote “Acts of The Church

Ÿ Dionysius of Corinth (110-180), wrote “Letters

Ÿ Pinytus, wrote a “Letter to Dionysius

Ÿ Tatian, c 160, wrote The “Diatessaron”, which has a royal Davidic genealogical tract in it

Ÿ Melito of Sardis (115-185), wrote

Ÿ Theophilus of Antioch, c 180, wrote

Ÿ Polycrates (126-200), wrote

Ÿ Original Clementine Romance, written c 170

Ÿ Lucian of Samosata, c 175, wrote

Ÿ Irenaeus, c 175, wrote “Against the Heretics”, in which he says that Jesus was nearly forty years of age when He was crucified, which implies the 7BC as the birth date

Ÿ Polycrates of Ephesus, c 190, wrote

Ÿ Rhodo (140-210), wrote

Ÿ Serapion (140-210) wrote “Letter to Pontius” & “Gospel of Peter

Ÿ anonymous, wrote “Against Miltiades

Ÿ Clement of Alexandria (150-215), wrote “Letters

Ÿ Celidoine, Bishop of Alexandria, c 150, wrote, was a desposyni-prince and keeps family records, doubtless, records his ancestry as well as making the  entries of his off-spring, whose father [Nascien I, Prefect of Narbonensis, 138-?] and his grandson [Nascien II, Prefect of Provinciae (Narbonensis), c 200] both made careers in Roman service, as well as a  descendant [Nascien III, Marquis of Septimania (Provinciae), killed 412 fighting the Visi-Goths in Roman service, whose family records were found in a monastery about 400 years later during the Carolingian Renaissance]

Ÿ Apollonius (150-220), wrote, and gives some genealogical-data

Ÿ Bardaisan (154-222), wrote “Dialogues

Ÿ Tertullian of Carthage (160-221/3), wrote

Ÿ Gaius (160-230), wrote “Dialogue

Ÿ the Bishop of Jerusalem wrote “Easter Festival

Ÿ Hippolytus (160-235), wrote

Ÿ Alexander, wrote “Letters

Ÿ Julius Africanus (170-245), wrote and speaks of the “desposyni”, and, says that King Herod was unsuccessful in destroying the official-genealogies of the families of royal Davidic ancestry, and even survived the holocaust of AD 70, for as late as the reign of the Roman emperor, Hadrian, we are told that he had King David’s descendants looked-up in the imperial  archives, in 135, and conducted another persecution of  the “desposyni”. He also confirmed the existence of private records of royal Davidic genealogies.

Ÿ Origen of Alexandria (185-254), wrote [c 225] “Ecclesiastical History” & other works, including  “Contra Celsus” in which he copies the pedigree of Mary from the anti-Christian works of Celsus, who wrote a treatise and gives the genealogical-data

Ÿ Hippolytus, c 190-235, wrote

Ÿ Minucius Felix, wrote

Ÿ Dionysius of Alexandria (190-264), wrote “Letters

Ÿ Cornelius (200-252), wrote “Letter to Fabius

Ÿ Malchi[on], the royal Davidic heir or a claimant wrote a “Letter to Maximus”, the Roman Emperor

Ÿ an unknown person wrote Pilate’s “Memoranda

Ÿ Anatolius, wrote “Canons

Ÿ Phileas (220-307), wrote “Letter to Thmuites

Ÿ Porphyry (233-304) wrote “Against Christianity”, by which he proved himself wrong and proved the Christian view correct

Ÿ Eusebius (264-340), Bishop of Caesarea, in a work mentions the persecution of the Davidic royal house, the “desposyni”, by the Roman emperors, Vespasian (AD 79), Domition (AD 96) and Trajan (107). He also mentions official-lists of  the genealogies of the Davidic Dynasty & its descendants kept in library-archives. And he reports on the first ecumenical Church council at Nicea, AD 325, and  wrote “Demostratio Evangelica” in which he says that there were four classes of religious works, which are: (1) those universally accepted books; (2) the “disputed” books, which, though included in the Bible, were disputed by some on the committee at the Council of Nicea (Yr 325); (3) the “spurious” books, excluded from the Bible, among them were: (a) “Acts of Paul”, 2nd cent, contains lost epistle to the Corinthians; (b) “Shepherd of Mermas”; (c) “Apocalypse of Peter”; (d) “Epistle of Barnabas”; & (e) The “Didache”; and, (4) the “forgeries” (some by heretics, most by simple forgers), though there may be some elements of truth in these,  which included:(a) “Gospel of Peter”, contains the “Quo Vadis” story;(b) the “Protevangelium”, also called “Gospel of James”; (c) “Gospel of Thomas”,  2nd cent., talks about the activities of Jesus during those so-called “lost years”; (d) Epistle to Diognetus; (e) “Acts of Andrew”; (f) “Gospel of Nicodemus”; (g) “Acts of Pilate”, an alleged official report of the trial and execution of Jesus to the Roman Emperor Tiberius; (h) the “Livia Maria”, “Life of Mary”, which gives the details of Mary’s life; (i) Pseudo-Clementine “Homilies”, which praises “Saint” James; (j) “Enoch”, the Book of, which is quoted in the canonical book of “Jude”; (k) “Cave of Treasures”, speaks of the “ark-of-the-covenant”,  the temple furniture, and the royal regalia, hidden there; (l) “Pseudo-Eupolemus”; (m) “The Apocalypse”, speaks of the end-times; (n) “4-Ezra” (Ezra II & III are accepted in apocryphal literature); (o) “History of Joseph”, the husband of “The Virgin” Mary; (p) “Book of “Jubilees”, which gives a chronology of Israel’s history; (q) “The Lost Tribes"; (r) III-V Maccabees (I & II Maccabees are accepted in apocryphal literature); (s) Pseudo-Orpheus, plus about 200 gospels, many having conflicting genealogical data of Jesus’ relatives, the “desposynoi” [the Master’s kin]

Ÿ Justin “Martyr wrote “Apologiae” & “Dialogue with Trypho

Ÿ Epiphanius (367-404), wrote, mentions the activities of the “desposyni”, & gives genealogical-data, and tells of various persecutions of the “desposyni” or other heirs of other royal Davidic descent-lines, the 318 persecution was the last authorized one

Ÿ St. Cyril of Jerusalem (375-444), wrote ”I-Clement” and settles “the papacy” on “Saint” James

Ÿ Theodosius “The Great”, Roman Emperor, wrote a story, c 375,  about “The Holy Grail” and gives the pedigree of the Grail-Kings, descendants of Joseph of Arimathea, “The Virgin” Mary’s uncle, to his time, which he doubtless had his clerics research, and, who probably wrote the story themselves, to which the Roman Emperor signed his name as its author. The story passed into European literature and medieval romance.


The above bibliography is for the "Davidic Dynasty" article & genealogy posted online at [article] & [genealogy]


David Hughes, 2001, revised 2005, comments welcome