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Joseph of Arimathea, the Jewish Metal Merchant and Apostle to Britannia

The Divine Mission to Restore the Lost Sheep (Tribes) of the House of Israel

Part Eleven

Section 1

By Robert Mock M.D.

January 2009




The Cosmic Drama on the Mount of Offense

The Bethany Family, the Tin-Merchant and Prince of David Joseph and the Grain-Merchant the Pharisee Nicodemus

The Beams of Light in the Reign of Tiberius Caesar

The British Claim to being the First Gentile Christian Church

Prince Joseph and the Royal Welch Silures

The British King Cynobelinus

The Royal Family of Cymbeline

The Invasion of Britannia by Caligula, the Insane Emperor of Rome

The Refugees




The stage was set. The Unknown One of the Cosmos was now to seal the redemption of the remnant of His “chosen ones” the Jews. This would set the stage for the return of the Lost Tribes of the House of Israel. Through the manifestation of the very emanations of the Almighty One of Israel, His Messiah would reenact the drama in living reality as the Accursed One” hanging on a tree and fulfill through His physical form the drama of the sacrificial paschal lamb that was slaughtered as a sin offering for all mankind. Every player in this great drama fulfilled his assigned role; Judas, Miriam the mother, the corrupt Sadducee high priest, the timid and panicking disciples.


Only one was chosen, Joseph of Arimathea, a Prince of the House of David, who would take the Good News to the Royal Silurian family and the Druids living in YHWH God’s sacred sanctuary in the far west.  It was here, where the Messiah would begin a great revolution for the reclamation, redemption and restoration of His Lost Sheep of the House of Israel.  


The “Prince was not genetically pure, by halakhic Jewish law, for though he was a true Prince of the Royal Solomonic House of David, he came from one of the accursed bastard lineages because not all of his ancestral mothers were Jewish.  Neither were all of King David’s ancestral mothers, Jewesses of the House of JacobThe hand of the divine intervened and his lineage was later reaffirmed by the Great Sanhedrin, in the year of 37 BCE, not out of principles or integrity but out of desperation.  All of the approved Jewish Princes of the House of David from the halakhic approved lineages were destined to become extinct by the year of King Herod’s death.  After that time, there would be no more royal Princes of King David, save one, the Prince of David Shammai the Elder, who were approved by the Jewish clerics and Ezra the Scribe.


The Glastonbury Tor – Ancient Druidic High Place for Solar Observation where Yahshua visited as a Youth  – Photo by Robert Mock


Shammai the Great and his disciples would become the nemesis of the Messiah and then Shammai died without issue on the very year of the Messiah’s death, in the year of 30 CE.   This One in the entire drama on that fateful Pesach day, would arise from the shadows like the Evening Star in the heavens; a man of principle, integrity, distinction, with a cosmopolitan flare who was not only of the esteemed Princes of David but the richest man in Jerusalem.


Born a Davidian, raised as an internationalist, an esteemed elder of the Great Sanhedrin, a secret elder of the underground apocalyptic Essenes, a member of the Roman Provincial Council of Judea, he was a Roman Decurion, a noted strategic metal merchant for the imperial military depots of tin and lead used in the manufacturing of bronze and other metallurgic weapons for the feared legions of the Roman Empire.


St. Michael’s Mount where the Tin Merchant Joseph of Arimathea was Shipped Tin and Lead to Rome – Photo by Robert Mock


At the moment of the death of his great-nephew, this underground apostle of the Jewish Messiah Yahshua (Jesus) left on a strategic mission to the only known nation that stood on the outside of Roman power and hegemony; outside the pale of the Roman imperial forces.  For they, as a divinely “Covenanted People” proudly defended their heritage, their knowledge of the theocratic principles of Noah and Shem, and whose military forces intimidated even the famed and “invincible” legions of Julius Caesar, Augustus Caesar and led Caligula into his last deathbed of insanity. 


Here on this island, to the outer reaches of the continent of Europe, was a sanctuary, prepared by the Divine eighteen hundred years prior in the days of AbrahamIt was here, where the spiritual teachings of YHVH were sent into protective custody.  Here is where rested the divine theocratic governance of the priest-king called Melchizedek (Righteous King”) that originated in the home of their ancestral forefathers; the Patriarchs Noah and Shem, who lived near Lake Van and Haran under the shadow of the mountains of Ararat


This is where these teachings were taught by Shem the Melchizedek (Righteous King) and guarded in the Citadel that would later be known as the Jebusite fortress of Salem (Jebu-Salem).  The teachings of Noah and Seth were transported, with a sacred priesthood, under the divinely appointed emissary of Hu Gadara Hysicion the Great. There at this sacred and protected sanctuary of the Divine, he planted an entire religious and theocratic ecclesiastical governing system, nears the year of 1800 BCE, under the watchful priesthood of Druidism to await their divine destiny another 8-9 centuries in the future. 


The Partially Submerged Causeway from Cornwall to St. Michael’s Mount when Lead Ingots were Carried Over and Shipped out of Harbor Below – Photo by Robert Mock


This Prince of David now had a divine mission. The final act of the Almighty One had sealed the death verdict to “sin” for all eternity. Through the physical emanation of His Messiah, all the shadow-pictures of the Hebrew Spring Festivals were enacted and fulfilled. It would take another twenty centuries, before the fulfillment of the Hebrew Fall Festivals would begin and set the stage for the final redemption of the House of Judah and the Lost Tribes of the House of Israel.


It would take a royal Davidian to assume the messianic mantle of the Egyptian Viser Joseph, who became the messiah of his people and saved them from drought and hunger.  It would take the divine mission of this Messiah son of Joseph (Maschiach ben Yosef) to bring forth the process for the final redemption by finding, restoring, and redeeming the Lost Tribes of the House of Israel. It would take a royal Davidian, or the resurrection of King David himself, to set the stage for the coming and return of the Messiah ben David. The “Drama of the Ages” opened its first act and the verdict against “sin” was sealed. The stage was now set to begin the process for the final implantation of the wandering lost tribes of Israel to their final divinely established destinations


St. Michael Mount as the Water is Receding and Land Bridge Forming – Photo by Robert Mock


The implantation of the theocratic religion of Noah and Seth had already been accomplished.  It had already been fortified with Israelite blood of the House of Ephraim prior to the Exodus. The apostate tribal members of the House of Dan made it a temporary resting place prior to the final deportation of the ten tribes of Northern Israel. And soon, twelve Jewish emissaries from Judea, apostles of the Messiah, would bring the Good News to the Druidic priesthood.  The Druids long awaited Messiah, Yesu, had fulfilled His divine destiny.


The Cosmic Drama on the Mount of Offense darkness was hovering over the magnificent Temple of HerodThere upon the site of the Mikphad Altar was the sacrificial site where the Red Heifer.  This mysterious sacrifice was to secure theashes of the red heifer that used to purify almost anything dedicated for a holy use. Nearby was a magnificent almond tree that rose gracefully as it looked down over the Kidron Valley.  There below, was the Eastern Gate, whose entrance went into the most famous temple in all the Roman Empire. There on the ridge of the mount called Offense, a wooden crossbar was tightly wrapped around the gnarled and powerful trunk of this ancient tree, reputed to have grown from the planting on the mount’s side of the rod of the High Priest Aaron.


Enshrouding the Body of the Messiah by Joseph of Arimathea and the Pharisee Nicodemus with the Three Maries near to the Cross


Upon the crossbar hung the lifeless body of a prince of David whose life was enshrouded with the legends of His rabbinic ministry in the hills of Galilee.  The throngs of Jewish followers surrounded the site as many saw their visions of redemption from the clutches of Rome wrestled away from their grasp.  They clung to the last vestige of hope from this Davidian son, who came with all the aura of the Jewish Messiah ben Yosef, now fading from their lives.


Here was The One, who many called The Messiah, The Anointed One, the Torah revealed in the Flesh, and the Manifestation of the Eternal One of Israel”.  The events on that rugged escarpment called Golgotha were moving in a rapid pace.  It was the ninth hour before the High Shabbat (Sabbath) of Pesach (Passover) was to begin.  As He hung on that accursed tree, His voice cried out to the heavens, “Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do!”  At that moment of time, the High Priest Caiphas was standing with his arms poised over the alter ready to plunge the knife into the heart of the young lamb whose piercing eyes and bleating cries swept over the courtyard.  Hundreds of thousands of Jewish pilgrims waited breathlessly for this moment of time to comeThe “blood of the lamb that was placed on the lintel of their doorways that gave them passage for the redemption from their accursed bondage in Egypt was now again their heartfelt plea at this very hour.


The Mount of Offense (Center), a Ridge of the Mount of Olives (Left) where Yahshua was Hanged as seen from the Palace of Ananias the High Priest – Photo by Robert Mock


The crowds of hundreds of thousands crowded the narrow streets of Jerusalem.  Earlier they sang praises and chants to Hashem their God, as they awaited for the Passover lamb to be brought from the fields north of the Damascus Gate.  As they cried out, Hosanna! Blessed is He who comes in the Name of our Lord? The King of Israel!, they were shocked to see, not the “Lamb” but this popular, charismatic, yet humble rabbi, riding down the Damascus Street towards the temple on the back of a young donkeyTheir hearts leaped for joy, for they were seeing in living color, the appearance of the “King of Israel on his coronation ride for His anointment.  In this most celebrated and revered festival of the year, they celebrated the history of their ancestor’s epic escape from the clutches of the Pharaonic power of ancient Egypt. Now they were dreaming of a repeat miracle, this time from the most powerful imperial force in earth’s history, Rome.


Joseph of Arimathea by Pietro Perugino. A detail from a larger work.Yet, the Messiah was now dead.  What must they do?  Shattered hopes also sprang rude realities, for in their knowledge of the Torah, it was imperative that criminals, whether maimed or dead must be brought down from the crucifix and buried, or be thrown ignobly into the pits of Gehennah, the fiery trash pits in the Kidron Valley that was the most literal image of hell. The scene was one of despair. 


“Joseph of Arimathea” – Detail of larger Painting by Italian artist Pietro Perugino


The brave apostolic twelve, the executive counselors and assistants of the Messiah and all the seventy disciples of reknown who had so bravely ministered with miracles in the Name of their Master were now fleeing for their lives, save one, Yohannes, the one called John the BelovedHe stood alone by the grieving pathos of a Jewish mother whose love for her son now mixed with tears of sorrow, contrasted to joy of the angelic messengers to her thirty seven years prior, and the angelic one who called her, “Blessed are you among women”. In sorrow fear gripped their hearts.  What should they do!


Glastonbury Tor as seen in American Public House ReviewSuddenly there strode upon the Roman-Jewish geo-political stage, a notable elder and councilor in the Great Sanhedrin, Joseph of Arimathea.  He was a noted Prince of David who sat on the inherited “Seat of King Davidin honor at the Great Sanhedrin in Jerusalem.  Joseph was a man of great wealth and one of the esteemed who sat on the Roman Provincial Council with the Roman Governor Pontius Pilate.  This man of mystery in the Synoptic gospels was legendary in Roman, Jewish and ancient Cymric British historyTo the orthodox Jewish disciples and followers, he was called an honorable counselor (Mark 15:43-46)…”a good man and a tzaddik, a just and righteous man.”  (Luke 23:50-53)Here we meet this rich man of Arimathea (Matthew 27:57-60) and a disciple of Yahshua, but secretly (John 20:38-41). 


The Final Home of Joseph of Arimathea on the Isle of Avalon beneath the Druidic Glastonbury Tor and St. Michael’s Tower – Photo by Daniel Boulet


To the Christian world, the identity of this man of mystery was never known for over two thousand years.  Carefully constructed was a truthful but hidden panorama of a man, larger than life in the Roman and Jewish world but hidden in the sacred texts and histories.  It was carefully preserved, but limited, by the Roman Christian ChurchHere was a person, larger than life, so overwhelming in his influence in the Herodian Jewish Jerusalem, who for three years was only a shadow behind the ministry of this Jewish Messiah until he made this fateful move. He used his political stature, his personal Roman connections, and his friendship with Pilate, to obtain the rights to the body of this orthodox rabbi, who was hated by the Sadducee elite, the Pharisees of the School of Shammai, and the temple high priestly hierarchy.  Why?  This rabbi lived His life as an Hasid, above the letter of the law, and demanded that the political and religious authorities in the 1st century temple culture do so likewise.

The Remaining Tower of St. Michael’s Church that was Toppled during an Earthquake in 1275 CE – Photo by Robert Mock


Instead of identifying Joseph as an honorable counselor, Jerome, in the Latin Vulgate, called him the Noblis Decurion”.  Whoever he was, he appeared suddenly after the execution hanging of Yahshua HaMaschiach (Jesus the Messiah) and then disappeared forever from the pages of the New Testament biblical canon. Here then we must play detective and sleuth.  We scan the continents to the farther reaches of the then known world. Here we experience the life and passion of the religious investigators who have a passion for the full revelation of truth. We will search the ancient Christian Church Fathers, Irenaeus and Clements, the histories and annals of St. Augustine of Britain, the esteemed Roman Christian historian, Eusebius, the Church historians, Baronius and Rabinus.  We then go to the tribal records of the Welsh in their Cymric called the Celtic Triads.


We will then scan the records of the Roman Imperial historian Tacitus, the gossip columns of the tabloid writer in Rome, Martial.  Before we finish, we will research the death records and Martyrologies of Rome and Britain, the Greek Menologies, Martyrologies of Ado, Usuard, and Espininus. We will then record the testimony of the writings in the Apostolic Constitutions


Looking from the Vantage of the Glastonbury Tor towards the Mendip Mountain Range (Left Horizen) where Joseph of Arimathea mined for Lead and Tin – Photo by Robert Mock


Here we will track the ancient footsteps and pathways of people, who left their imprint upon the historical pages of time.  Come let us search together, about one of the most sacred, noble, and exciting historical stories in Christian history, a story that was conspired by powerful men for you not to know, but destined by the God of Israel that you should know.


The Bethany Family, the Tin-Merchant and Prince of David Joseph and the Grain-Merchant, the Pharisee Nicodemus


The supporters of Yahshua HaMaschiach (Jesus the Messiah) were many but there were no friends singled out that rivaled the special bond between Jesus than the Bethany family of Lazarus, Mary Magdalene and MarthaThey lived in a large manor house and had vast estates in Bethany just over the Mount of Olives about two to three miles to the east.  There is a remarkable ancient manuscript at the Magdalene College Library at Oxford University that professes, according to John W. Taylor in the book, The Coming of the Saints, to be a copy of the original manuscript called the Life of Mary Magdalene”.   It was written by Rabanus Maurus, the Archbishop of Mayence (770-856 CE), though suspected to be rewritten in the 14th to 15th century CE.  According to this manuscript, the mother of the Bethany trio, was a Jewess, called Eucharia, who was a descendant of the royal family of the House of Israel.  Their father, Theophilus, was a Syrian prince and the governor of a maritime country.     


They had inherited a large estate from their parents; their estate in Bethany, lands along the west side of the Sea of Galilee at Magdala, an estate at Bethabara, where John the Baptist was preaching, and owned a “large part of Jerusalem”Martha was the administrator of the estates, while Mary, a famed horticulturalist of medicinal herbs and aromatic spices, had moved up to Magdala in GalileeAfter the death, resurrection and ascension of Yahshua, the Bethany family sold their entire estate and gave it to the Apostle Peter for the ministry of the Jewish Nazarene Ecclesia.  The family estate at Bethany near Jerusalem was kept as a House of Prayer where Lazarus served as its appointed priest until the Sauline persecution when Lazarus went to Cyprus and there served as the head priest of the Cypriot Nazarene Synagogue.


The Chalice Well near the Site where Jesus, Mary, and later Joseph of Arimathea with the Apostolic Twelve Lived on the Isle of Avalon – Photo by Robert Mock


The story of Joseph of Arimathea is the centerpiece of this manuscript, but we are introduced by Joseph to another one of the other secret followers of the Jewish MessiahThis was the Pharisee called Nicodemus.  Nicodemus was an elder of the Great Sanhedrin and a noted scholar of the Pharisees in Jerusalem.   He was known in history within the canon of the Brit Hadassah (ReNewed Testament) as secretly visiting with the most talked about rabbi in Galilee and Judea, the Prince of David, Yahshua HaNotzri (Jesus the Nazarene).  According to scant testimony, the Pharisee Nicodemus’ wealth was secondary to being a rich grain merchant that exported grain from Judea, the breadbasket of the Roman world. What is accepted in Jewish traditions was that Nicodemus was a most respected Pharisaic rabbi.            


The Beams of Light in the Reign of Tiberius Caesar


Gildas de Rhuys was a British monk in the 8th century that founded a monastery in Brittany.   His surviving written works that include: De excidio et conquestu Britanniae ("The Overthrow and Conquest of Britain"), we read about in his Histories”, the following account.  Within the first seven years after the resurrection of the Rabbi Yahshua and before the death of Tiberius Caesar in 37 CE, Gildas wrote that the message of the Good News” of redemption for the gentile world had reached the far reaches of the Roman Empire to the west.


The Spring of Saint Gildas de Rhuys at Morbihan

Image:St Gildas Fontaine 0708E.jpg

History of GildasThese islands received the beams of light - that is, the holy precepts of Christ - the true Sun, as we know, at the latter part of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, in whose  time this religion was propagated without impediment, and death threatened to those who interfered with its professors.


These rays of light were received with lukewarm minds by the inhabitants, but they nevertheless took root among some of them in a greater or less degree, until the nine years’ persecution by the tyrant Diocletian, when the Churches throughout the whole world were overthrown. All the copies of the Holy Scriptures which could be found were burned in the streets, and the chosen pastors of God’s flock butchered, together with their innocent sheep, in order that (if possible) not a vestige might remain in some provinces of Christ’s religion.” (History of Gildas, sections 8,9, cited by John W. Taylor, “The Coming of the Saints”, pg. 141) reason this manuscript in history is so important was that the rich man of Jerusalem, the Prince of David Joseph of Arimathea, had a Roman contract to mine and transport lead, antimony, silver, and tin from the land on the Cornwall peninsula of ancient Britain.  Here was the source of Joseph’s fame and wealth in the Roman world. 


Emperor Tiberius Caesar


The power of his influence was extensive, for he was not only of the royal Solomonic linage of King David, as a Davidian heir, he could legitimately take over the throne of King Herod the GreatJoseph was also a friend of the Caesar of Rome and recognized as one of the most influential members of Roman society; for as a Roman Decurion, his position and rank in the empire was above that of the Roman Senators.


It was the famed ancient chronologer of the Holy Bible, James Ussher, the Anglican Archbishop of Armagh and the Primate of All Ireland between the years of 1625 and 1656 CE, who printed his famous chronology of the world from the eve before creation on October 23, 4004 BCE within the Julian calendar.  According to the Gregorian calendar it was September 21, 4004 BCEIt was this same Bishop Ussher who wrote in the Brittannicarum Ecclesiarum Antiquitates, the following:


Image:James Ussher 2.jpgBishop James Ussher – “The British National Church was founded A.D. 36, 160 years before heathen Rome confessed Christianity.” (George W. Jowett, “The Drama of the Lost Disciples”, pg. 80)


Bishop James Ussher, Anglican Archbishop of Armagh


In the 200 CE manuscript called De Origine Ecclesiae Britannicae” (The Original British Church) by Elvanus of Avalonius the 2nd Archbishop of London, we read:


Elvanus of Avalonius – “Christianity was introduced into Britain during the reign of the British king Cunobelinus (Cymbeline), who received the apostolic mission of Joseph of Arimathea in the year of 36 CE.” would be later in the 4th century that the Roman church historian, Eusebius, wrote in his church history for Constantine the Great, the following:


The 14th century St. Michael’s Chapel upon the Druidic Tor at Glastonbury


Eusebius“Tiberius… threatened death to the accusers of the Christians: a Divine providence infusing this into his mind, so that the Gospel, having freer scope at its beginning, might spread everywhere over the world. . . “Thus…the doctrine of the Saviour, like the beams of the sun, soon irradiated the whole world.”  (Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History, Bk 2, Chapters 2,3, cited by Taylor page 141)


The British Claim to being the First Gentile Christian Church


The Hidden Recess of the Artesian Well called the Chalice Well where Joseph of Arimathea and the Twelve Refugees Lived – Photo by Robert Mock


The British claim to seniority of all the Early Christian Churches has never been disputed by the Roman Papacy.  One of its later affirmations was as late as March 27, 1931, when it was reported in the London Morning Post that Pope Pius XI in his reception at the Vatican of the English Roman Catholic Mayors of Bath, Colchester, and Dorchester, plus 150 members of The Friends of Italy Society, addressed these English church dignitaries with the statement that St Paul, not Pope Gregory, first introduced Christianity into Britain.” (Jowett, pg. 78) 


This may seem inconsistent with the historical documentation that we have presented to date of Joseph of Arimathea presenting the first rays of the Good News to the Cornish and Welch Brits in the year of 36 CE.  Yet we must consider first, St. Augustine of Canterbury was sent to Britain to convert the English to the Roman Catholic faith and thus was known by the Roman Christians as the Apostle to the English”.  He became the first Archbishop of Canterbury in 598 CE, first sent by Pope Gregory I the Great in 595 CE in the mission of converting the pagan English king Aethelberht in the Kingdom of Kent to the Roman Christian faith.  Aethelberht was married to Bertha, a Christian princess and daughter of Charibert I who was the King of Paris. It was on 597 CE that Augustine landed on the Isle of Thanet and headed to the main city of the realm of Aethelberht, the city of Canterbury. (Wikipedia, Augustine of Canterbury).


The story of Joseph of Arimathea was driven and cast into a fateful drama when the satanic driven hatred of the Jewish Messiah by the Sadducee High Priests of the House of Ananus (Hanan) cast Joseph of Arimathea along with 11 personal disciples of Jesus (Yahshua) in a boat with no sail or rudder into the Mediterranean Sea, presumably to their death, from Caesarea in the Roman province of Judea.  They were driven into exile by the hierarchy of the Temple of Herod in Jerusalem.  These aristocratic elite of the Sadducee Party of the Jews included not only the most powerful Jewish temple high priestly family of the House of Hanan (Ananias the Elder) but also the Pharisees of the School of Shammai


The Iron Rich Water from the Chalice Well and Garden from the Artesian Waters flowing through the Jurassic Limestone Strata – Photo by Robert Mock


Joseph arrived in Britain as a representative of the Jerusalem Jewish Nazarene Ecclesia, to be the Apostle to the BritishHe was commissioned by the Apostle Philip, the Jerusalem appointed Apostle to the Roman Province of Gaul to his apostolic appointment. The facts do attest that Joseph of Arimathea never traveled through Rome from Palestine to Cornwall, Britain any time after the resurrection of the Messiah YahshuaJoseph also preceded the arrival of the Apostle Paul by over twenty years.


The Apostle Paul was truly the first Jewish Nazarene emissary that went to the Isle of Britannia from the city of Rome.  Yet, the Apostle Paul was not the Apostle to Rome, but the “Apostle to the Gentiles that covered the entire gentile world. Also, the Apostle Paul never represented the apostate Roman Christian Church that arose on the site where the 4th century Basilica of Prassedes stands today. 


The Apostle Paul represented the Roman Jewish Nazarene Ecclesia that worshipped at the home-ecclesia of the Roman Senator Rufus Pudens at the Palace of the British called the “Britannica Paladium on Viminalis Hill, the last and smallest of the Seven Hills of RomeThe arrival of the Apostle Paul to the Isle of Britannia was also preceded by his commission to the brother-in-law of the Apostle Peter, Aristobulus, by several months to be the Apostle to the British.


George F. Jowett- one of the strongest men that ever livedWe look for the historical evidence of the origins of the early British Culdee Christian Church from one of the most unexpected sources; a world famous boxing champion.  The British born Canadian gymnastic champion, George Fiursdale Jowett (1891-1969), became one of the most famous world featherweight, lightweight, and welterweight boxing champions in history. 


George F. Jowett, World Boxing Champion turned British Early Christian Culdee Church Historian


Seriously injured as a one year old child, he fell from his mother’s lap upon a fireplace andiron. Jowett was not expected to live, much less walk. But by the age of 15 he was not only a gymnastic champion but three years later won the world featherweight , lightweight and welterweight boxing titles. Later he was named the Best developed man in England and later Most Perfectly Developed Man”. 


Jowett moved to Canada, working as a blacksmith while studying physical anatomy and culture in his blacksmith shop.  There next to his blacksmith shop he built a gymnasium that eventually became the Jowett Institute for Physical Culture in Philadelphia and New York. It eventually became a world wide industry.  In 1940, he broke his back in an accident, but twenty six years later was still able to lift a 245 pound dumbbell above his back with one hand.


The ‘Lady Chapel’ built over the Vetusta Ecclesia (Jewish Nazarene Synagogue – Photo Robert Mock MD


In his retiring years, Jowett returned to his British historical roots and began the research into the origins of the religious roots of the Anglican Church of Britain and CanadaOut of his research came one of the most inspiring and best documented books as understood by its title, The Drama of the Lost Disciples of Jesus Christ.  It was first published in 1961, eight years before his death by cancer.  In his dying years, he left a legacy as being one of the most respected chronologers on the origins of the ancient British Culdee Christian Church


Today, we now understand that the roots of the British Culdee Nazarene Ecclesia, as it was known in its primitive stage, came directly from the ministry and message of the Jewish rabbi, Yahshua HaMaschiach (Jesus the Messiah), through his great uncle, Joseph of Arimathea, who represented the religious faith of the Jerusalem Jewish Nazarene Ecclesia.  The Jewish Nazarene Ecclesia and Synagogue was headed by the brother of Jesus (Yahshua), called Yacov HaTzaddik (Jacob or James the Just (Righteous One). 


It was Jowett, who documented the defense over the dispute in the Early Christian Church as to which of the nations of the world could claim to be the first to accept the message of “The Good News” after the resurrection of the Messiah Jesus. It would be Britain that would legitimately become the claimant as the first documented gentile conversions to the Jewish Nazarene beliefs of the original apostles of Yahshua HaMaschiach (Jesus the Messiah).


The Water Lily Pond at Glastonbury facing the Ruins of the 15th century Glastonbury Abbot built over the Sanctuary Built by the Young Messiah Yahshua – Photo by Robert Mock


Upon the messianic ministry, death, and resurrection in Judea, the Jewish peasant population, the Essenes, and a large number of the priests of the Temple of Herod became adherents to the new messianic faith of the Jews.  The Jewish Judean society became so polarized between the Sadducee Temple culture leadership, led by the powerful high priestly dynasty of Ananus the Elder and the Pharisee disciples of Shammai that forty years later Jerusalem was destroyed, the famed Temple of Herod was razed to the ground in the great Jewish revolt in 70 CEThe apostles as the disciples of this Jewish Messiah traversed the world that erupted into a world wide messianic phenomenon.  The faith of the Jewish Nazarene eventually conquered the Roman Empire but apostatized the Christian Church.  


During the great Ecclesiastical Councils of the Roman Catholic Church, the church representatives from each country were granted a seat in honor of the order of when their country accepted the faith of Christianity within their national culture. This placement of ascendancy in the seating in the councils brought bitter jealousy of the nations towards Britain, who was always, over the centuries, recognized to have been the first recipients of the Good NewsOut of these disputes there did arrive the historical documentation that truly the first “beams of light – that is, the holy precepts of Christ as written by the 6th century British historian Gildas was upheld by the Roman Catholic Papacy.  


Exotic White-Pink Water Lilies from the Glastonbury Pond – Robert Mock


As written by Theodore Martin of Lovan in his historical account of these disputes in his book, titled, “Disputoilis super Dignitatem Anglis it Gallioe in Councilio Constantiano, A.D., 1517 he wrote the following:


Theodore Martin of Lovan“Three times the antiquity of the British Church was affirmed in Ecclesiastical Councils. 

1.    The Council of Pisa, A.D. 1417

2.    Council of Constance, A.D. 1419;

3.    Council of Sienna, A.D. 1423. (George F. Jowett, “The Drama of the Lost Disciples”, pg. 80)


It was stated that the British Church took precedence of all other churches, being founded by Joseph of Arimathea, immediately after the Passion of Christ.”


Augustinicio MissionBritain officially proclaimed Christian by King Lucius, at National Council at Winchester, 156 A.D. (George F. Jowett, “The Drama of the Lost Disciples”, pg 80)


The Glastonbury Lily Pond looking the Opposite Way towards the Glastonbury Tor, and Ancient Druidic Solar Observatory Site – Photo by Robert Mock


Yet the testimony of the British Culdee Ecclesia’s impact on British life and religious traditions was profound.  We read as early as 35 CE that Clementus Romanus (Clement of Rome) went to the Jewish feasts in Jerusalem.  There in Caesarea he visited with Joseph of Arimathea, the Apostle Peter, the Bethany family, at the home of the Apostle Philip. It was the visiting Clementus Romanus that eventually became the second bishop of the Roman Nazarene Ecclesia, yet he was not a Roman.  Clements was a British convert by Joseph of Arimathea into the faith of Yahshua HaMaschiach (Jesus the Messiah) in the Jewish Nazarene Ecclesia in Avalon.  In his book, The Epistle to the Corinthians he made direct references to the disciples of Yahshua living in Britain.


 If we study the pages of the official Early Roman Christian Church historian, Eusebius of Caesarea, in his book, “Demonstratio Evangelica” we read: of Caesarea“The Apostles passed beyond the ocean to the Isles called the Brittanic Isles.”  (George F. Jowett, “The Drama of the Lost Disciples”, pg 80)


It was Tertullian of Carthage (Quintus Septimius Florens Tertullianus) who lived as a prominent early church father.  He denounced heretical Christians yet later in his life, between the years of 155-230 CE in Carthage, Tunisia, he adopted many of their views.  Tertullian also became a prolific and esteemed writer in the Latin Christian Church and hence came to be known as the Father of the Latin Church


Tertullian of Carthage


This esteemed “Church Father was also the first to introduce the word “Trinity” (Latin trinitas) into the vocabulary of the Christians.  He also introduced into the Roman Christian formulary the theological concept of the divine as Three Persons, One Substance and was the first to separate the sacred writings of the earlier Jewish Nazarenes into two artificial classifications; the Vetus Testamentum (“Old Testament”) and the Novum Testamentum (“New Testament”)


This same Tertullian proclaimed about the year of 208 CE that in his days, the Christian Church “extended to all the boundaries of Gaul, and parts of Britain inaccessible to the Romans but subject to Christ”.  (George F. Jowett, “The Drama of the Lost Disciples”, pg 81)


A few years later, Sabellius (250 CE) wrote the following:


Sabellius“Christianity was privately confessed elsewhere, but the first nation that proclaimed it as their religion and called it Christian after the name of Christ, was Britain.” (George F. Jowett, “The Drama of the Lost Disciples”, pg. 81)


Then there was Christian apologist, Jerome (347-420 CE) who was the translator of the Vulgate Translation of the Bible, and the Roman Catholic Doctor of the Church who wrote in 378 CE;


St. Jerome“From India to Britain all nations resound with the death and resurrection of Christ.” (George F. Jowett, “The Drama of the Lost Disciples”, pg 81)


Later, Chrysostom, the venerated Patriarch of Constantinople in 402 CE penned the following words in his “Sermo De Utilit”;


ChrysostomThe British Isles which are beyond the sea, and which lie in the ocean, have received virtue of the Word.  Churches are there found and altars…Though thou shouldst go to the ocean, to the British Isles, there thou shouldst hear all men every where discoursing matters out of the Scripture, with another voice indeed, but not another faith, with a different tongue, but the same judgment.” (George F. Jowett, “The Drama of the Lost Disciples”, pg 81)


Reverend Robert Parsons


Image:Henry Spelman2.jpgReverend Robert Parsons was the Roman Catholic Jesuit trained advisor to the popes who was born in Somerset (1546 CE) and later trained at Oxford University.  He met the old “Monk of Glastonbury”, Friar William Good who lived during the Cromwell’s Dissolution of the Abbey of Glastonbury.  Even though he was involved, as the trusted counselor of King Phillip II of Spain, who sent to its disastrous defeat the Great Armada against Britain to regain England for Catholicism, Reverend Robert Parsons later wrote The Three Conversions of England”.  He dedicated this book to King James I upon his accession. Here he documented succinctly; 


Reverend Robert Parsons“The Christian religion began in Britain.” (George F. Jowett, “The Drama of the Lost Disciples”, pg 81)


Sir Henry Spelman, engraving by William Faithhorne


We have the testimony of Sir Henry Spelman (died 1581 CE), the eminent English antiquarian who was noted for his detailed collections of medieval archives especially of the church councils.  He wrote in his Concilia Ecclesiastica Orbis Britannici and Glossarium Archaiologicumthe following:


Sir Henry Spelman“We have abundant evidence that this Britain of ours received the faith, and that from the disciples of Christ Himself, soon after the crucifixion.” (George F. Jowett, “The Drama of the Lost Disciples”, pg. 81)


Then we return to the famous late 6th century British Celtic Arch Druid, Taliesin (534-599 CE), who as the Prince Bard that sung in the courts of at least three English kings. He wrote in his Book of Taliesin”;


The Book of Taliesin“Word from the beginning, was from the first our teacher, and we, though the Gospel teaching was new to the rest of the world, was always known to the Celtic British.”  As he wrote, “Christ, the Druids never lost His teachings.  Christianity was a new thing in Asia, but there never was a time when the Druids of Britain held not its Doctrines.” (George F. Jowett, “The Drama of the Lost Disciples”, pg. 81)


As concluded by George F. Jowett, the former British boxing champion, now defender of the Christian faith that was founded in the Isles of Britain long before there was a Pope in Rome.


Mary’s Chapel built over the Seven Hundred Year old Mud and Wattle Synagogue by the Jewish Nazarene Refugees from Israel – Photo by Robert Mock


George F. Jowett“Christianity was founded in Britain in A.D. 36. The first Christian Church above ground was erected A.D., 38-39. The Roman Catholic hierarchy was founded circa A.D. 350, after Constantine, and not until centuries later was the Papal title created.  Until then, the head of the Roman Catholic Church was still a Bishop.  The title of Pope, or universal Bishop, was first taken to the Bishop of Rome by the wicked Emperor Phocas, in the year A.D. 610This he did to spite Bishop Ciriacus of Constantinople, who had justly excommunicated him for his having caused the assassination of his predecessor, Emperor Mauritus.  Gregory I, then Bishop of Rome, refused the title, but his successor, Boniface III, first assumed the title of Pope.” (George F. Jowett, “The Drama of the Lost Disciples”, pg. 85)


Prince Joseph and the Royal Welch Silures


The wealth of Joseph of Arimathea was legendary.  By some accounts he owned many properties in the city of Jerusalem, plus his family estate in Arimathea or Ramallah, the headquarters of Arafat’s Palestinian Authority in the West Bank.  He was given charge over the tin mines in Cornwall, the peninsula in the southwestern part of England. These mines were dug by “Saracens” or Middle Easterners, who in this case were not Arabs but Jews.  He owned or rented fleets of boats to transport the bars of smelted tin and lead from St. Michael’s Mount off the southeastern coastline of Cornwall.


There they transferred the tin and lead bars to the harbor port on St. Michael’s Mount, by walking over a submerged natural causeway that became passable when the tides were down. the harbor, the bars were loaded on small skiffs or boats, and taken across the English Channel to the French port of Morlaix.  Once on the continent of Gaul (Europe), these bars of tin were transported on the pack backs of horses, across mainland of France, through Limoges, Rocamador, Figeac and down to the ancient and international coastal port of Marseilles along the Mediterranean Sea; hence to the rest of the Roman world.   


The Path of the Jewish Tin Trader, Joseph of Arimathea from Caesarea in Judea to St. Michael’s Mount at Land’s End in Cornwall


From Marseilles, the lead and tin mined from the metal interests of the Roman Decurion Joseph of Arimathea went to the entire Roman world.  According to Lionel Smithett Lewis, the Vicar of Glastonbury, in his heavily documented book printed in 1922 titled, “St Joseph of Arimathea of Glastonbury”, he reported that in the early part of the 20th century, a Roman drain-pipe was dug up at Ostia, a Roman sea-port where it was located below a chariot road. The bonding on the pipe was tin.  A Professor Russell Forges sent a specimen of the tin to England, without comment on origin, for analysis and the lab report claimed that it came from the Mendip mines.


Perched upon St. Michael’s Mount looking over to the Cornwall Coastline at the Path of the Ancient Tin Traders and Harbor Below – Photo by Robert Mock


In the early 1920’s, an exhibit in the British Museum went on display on Roman-British lead from the Mendip Hill, near Glastonbury. One of these lead bars was dated 49 AD with the name of Britannicus, the son of Emperor Claudius embossed on it. The other bar was dated 60 AD which bore the inscription “British lead, the property of the Emperor Nero”.   Lewis also reported that lead bonding was found in an aqueduct in Jerusalem that Lewis reported as attributed to King Solomon was traced back to the Mendip Mines in Cornwall(Lionel Smithett Lewis, “St. Joseph of Glastonbury, Cambridge, England, 1922, pg 51)


From the city of Jerusalem, all along the Mediterranean coastline, in the governmental offices of Imperial Rome, the land of Gaul and the Cymric Isles of Britain, Joseph kept his commercial, political, and religious connections. Here was a man of prestige, a true internationalist and trans-nationalist in the Roman imperial world.  How important was Joseph of Arimathea to the global world economy of Rome? As reported, it was harder to be a Roman Decurion than to become a Roman Senator”. 


On the Island of Britain and Wales, the most powerful tribe was the Welch Silurian Royal familyTheir sons were the Dukes of Cornwall and also Wales.  This ancient tribe was Cymric, who was called the brothers of the heart”.  Their ancient tongue was Cyragg, whose language and Druidic religion was closely akin to the ancient primitive Hebrews or Israelites.


The Small Harbor at St. Michael’s Mount where the Boats were Loaded with Lead Ingots and Transported over to France and the Roman Empire Beyond – Photo by Robert Mock


At the time of the ministry of Yahshua HaNotzri (Jesus the Nazarene) in Galilee and Judea, the High Kingof Britannia was elected by all the tribal kings of BritainHere was the legendary British “Pendragon called Cymbeline who ruled between the years of 9-39 CEIn annals of ancient history, Cymbeline was known as Kynobellinus, Κυνοβελλίνος in Greek.  His name was abbreviated later to Cunobelinus or Cunobelin that meant “shining hound or “hound” of the Cymric god Belinus (“shining one”).  This identity is noteworthy because it was this British king, Belinus, who received Joseph of Arimathea as early as 36 CE.   


Joseph of Arimathea was now a religious and political refugee only six years after the death of the Jewish Messiah Yahshua, when he with eleven other noted close associates of Jesus the Nazarene were driven from Roman Judea by casting them off the coastline of Caesarea by the orders of the High Priest family of Ananus (Hanan) during the reign of his son, the High Priest JonathanHence, as attested by the British historian Gildas, the islands received the beams of light… the holy precepts of Christ…at the latter part of the reign of Tiberius Caesar.”  


The British King Cynobelinus

The Roman historian, Suetonius


Cynobelinus was a famous king in pre-Roman Iron-Age Britain, known by the classical Roman historian Suetonius, who called him by the prestigious name of Britannorum Rex” (“King of the Britons”).   Today numismatic collectors of ancient British currency have inscribed coinage with the name of Cunobelinus engraved.  Cynobelinus also was immortalized in British legends as Cynfelyn, Cunobelinus, Kymbelinus, and Cymbeline, and later popularized by William Shakespeare in one of his plays.


In the Shakespearian play, the history of Cymbeline was taken from the Hollinshed “Chronicles” (1577 CE) of the year of 10 CE when Caius Octavian Caesar prepared a major British expedition into Britain under the military command of the famed Roman military general, Caius Lucius, a veteran of Roman wars in Gaul, Asia, and Northern AfricaAccording to the classic historian, Dio Cassius, half of the Roman imperial forces were transported to the to the Atlantic coastline of Gaul (France) while Cymbeline concentrated his coalition of British forces from Kent, Berkshire and Cornwall along the coastline of the White Cliffs of Dover in preparation for the first invasion to the island since Julius Caesar., on the other hand, as recorded by Shakespeare was defiant and would not appease the Romans. His third son by his second wife, Prince Cloten(us), the British crown – prince, upon hearing the demands for Roman tribute proclaimed, We will not pay for wearing our own noses”. 


Gold stater coin with face of the British King Cunobelin (Cunobelinus) king of the Catuvellauni and Trinovantes, c. AD 5 - 40 AD


Prince Cloten would later be killed by his own step-brother, over the rights of inheritance.

Cunobelinus had five wives, which were detailed, according to David Hughes in his two volume genealogies, “The British Chronicles”:


David Hughes“Christianity was introduced into Britain during the reign of the British king Cunobelinus (Cymbeline) who received the exiled mission of Joseph of Arimathea in AD 36.  Legend says that Joseph of Arimathea, called “the Virgin” Mary’s uncle, came to Britain as the leader of a party of Christian missionaries, who preached the “gospel” (‘good news”) throughout the country.  He brought with him according to legend, some holy relics, which included (a) a Holy Grail; (b) the “Three nails of the cross”, and (c) the crown of thorns, which anciently were listed among the Treasures of Britain”. Holy Grail was passed down from generation to generation through Joseph of Arimathea’s descendants, the “Grail-Kings”, for about a thousand yearsThe “Triads say that the son of Joseph of Arimathea  were one of the three saintly lineages of Britain, however though that may be true, it appears here that in this case he has been misidentified by the compiler of the “Triads” with Joseph ‘ha-Rama-Theo, one of Jesus’ so – called “brothers”, who also came to Britain and also left issue.”  (David  Hughes, “The British Chronicles”, page 82)


The British Cymric Gold Stater of the Britannorum Rex Cunobelinus, Reverse of a Horse with the Letters CVN (Cunobelin) – 20-43 CE   - Reproduction coin


What is not known was if there was ever was a battle at this time. The advance by the Romans by General Caius Lucius forced Cymbeline to move the seat of his government to a more defensive site in Colchester in Essex.  There upon earthwork near the Great Kimble in Buckinghamshire is the reputed site of the castle fortress of Cymbeline at the castle ruin site. Yet, Cymbeline was recorded in the Cymric chronicles called theCeltic Triads as one of the Three valiant kings” of Britain, which included his son, Caratacus, and the most famous of all, King Arthur.


Cunobelinus was a wise ruler and many historians today feel that after a battle and stalemate, a truce was made with the Roman general Caius Lucius.  In a conference, Octavius Caesar dropped his demands upon the personal honor of Cymbeline of recognizing Roman “overlordship” of the island and the payment of an annual tribute.  Friendship was restored and during his reign, trade with the Roman Empire increased.  It is accepted by many historians, as accounted by Strabo, that Cunobelinus sent and received embassies to Caesar Augustus who revived the lucrative British exports to and from Rome.

Stylized Horse on Golden Stater of King Cunobelin (Cunobelinus), the king of the Catuvellauni, c. 5-40 CE


Gold coin of King Cunobelin; Reverse Side bears the Legend 'CAM' short for Camulodunun, Cunobelin's new Capital. was the father of five sons, according Hughes, by his fourth wife’s second marriage, who were named: Guiderius, Brittahel, Caratacus, Togdummn(us),and Arviragus. They would go down in the annals of the Culdee Nazarene Christians of Britain as the protectors of Joseph of Arimathea and the Jewish Nazarenes who settled in the Glastonbury region upon the Isle of AvalonThey became fierce opponents of the Roman military invasions and defenders of the British and Welsh Cymrics from Roman domination. This fight for independence did give the British a Rome approved semi-autonomous rule over the island until the 4th century.  These certain sons would also go down in history as immortal friends of the Nazarene Culdees and fierce enemies of Rome at the same time.


Emperor Augustus Caesar


As history would attest, this family of British rulers would become the protectors of the early Nazarene followers of Yahshua.   This royal protectorship began when they arrived on the Isle of Britannia and settled on the Isle of Ynis-wytrin under the leadership of Yahshua’s (Jesus’) maternal uncle, the Prince of David Joseph of Arimathea.  There they settled in the farther reaches of the island of Britain, away from the influence and harms way of Roman governance. There they erected the largest Gentile Culdee Nazarene University in Europe from whose edifice came the largest resource of Jewish Messianic Nazarene missionaries were sent out throughout all the continent of Europe over the next four centuries. 


The Royal Family of Cymbeline

According to David Hughes in The British Chronicles


Rex Britannorum (King of Britain) Cymbeline

1.    Marriage to1st wife -

Polydore, son;

Cadwallo, son;

Imogen, daughter, who later married a Roman Senator


2.    Marriage to 2nd wife of the Shakespearian dramatic fame -

Cloten(us), a step-son by his wife’s previous marriage, initially recognized as the crown-prince.


3.    Marriage to 3rd wife

Son, unknown name

Adminius, son;

Pomponia Grecina, daughter, who married the Roman Governor of Britain, General Aulus Plautius.


4.    Marriage to 4th wife, her second marriage

Guiderius, son;

Brittahel, son;

Caratacus, the future Pendragon who became the most feared opponent of Roman rule.

Togodumn(us), son; and

Arviragus, son;


5.    Carmandua, 5th wife, young queen of the Brigantes (Northumbria) whom he married just prior to his death.

The Receding Tides forming a Land Bridge to St. Michael’s Mount – Photo by Robert Mock


The rule of Cunobelinus were years of peace and flourishing relationship with Rome.  These were the years of Caesar Augustus and the Pax Romana” (Roman peace). The trade between the European continent and Britain increased as archeology has depicted an increase in the amount of luxury goods that flowed into the Isles of Britannia.  These imports included olive oil, fish sauces, Italian wines and drinking vessels from the peninsula of Hispania, and beautiful Roman glassware and jewelry plus Gallo-Belgic tableware that entered through the port city of Camulodunum. Exports from the Isle of Britannia included gold, silver, iron, plus hides, hunting dogs, and slaves.  The mutual trading relations saw the British rule Cunobelinus expand geo-political relationships with Rome that included sending British embassies that went on fact-finding and political negotiation missions to visit Augustus Caesar in Rome. The Roman Latin title “Rex” (Latin for “king”) and other classical motifs were engraved on the British coins by Rex Cunobelinus.


The “High King had seven sons; Polydore, Cadwollo, Clotenus, Adminius, Brittahel, Caratacus, and Togodumnus. Two other reputed sons of Cunobelinus; Guiderius and Arviragus, as we will investigate later, were not names of kings but titles that could be referred to any number of kings. For that fact, Cunobelinus was not a real name, but a merged royal title-name in the Cymric language where Cunobelinus meant King Belinus”. 


Another “son” of King Belinus, Prince Epaticcus went to the north where their neighbors, the Atrebates Tribe lived.  This tribe was partially absorbed near the year of 25 CE as the Catuvellaunian dynasty expanded their power and hegemony to the surrounding provinces and tribes.  Their capital was in Silchester (Calleva Atrebatum). Prince Epaticcus died a premature death in the year of 35 CE, a year prior to the landing at the Mount of Avalon, Joseph of Arimathea and his company of the eleven Apostles of the Jewish Messiah. 


Looking from a Rocky Ledge towards Cornwall from St. Michael’s Mount – Photo by Robert Mock


Cunobelinus died, or was possibly incapacitated by a cerebral vascular attack, only three years after his invitation, ceremonial greeting and the settlement of the twelve associates including Joseph of Arimathea upon the Island of Avalon in the year of 36 CE.  This site, Glastonbury, was destined to become the most revered site of Christendom in England. 


Just prior to Cymbeline’s death (39 CE), his palace was involved with a palace coup by Prince Adminius, his 4th son by his 3rd wife, who killed his two older brothers, Princes Polydore and Cadwallo, and with Prince Clotenus already dead, sought to take control of the flowering renaissance of the rising power of the Catuvellaunian tribal dynasty. He staged a palace coup.  He was earlier overthrown and driven from his office by his two brothers and exiled by the approval of his father, according to Suetonius, from Britain in the year of 38-39 CE, possibly because he was acquiring the taste of becoming too Romanized.

Ancient Abandoned Tin Mines along the Central Cornwall Peninsula in Southwestern England – Photo by Robert Mock


Archeologists have found silver coins of King Adminius bearing the inscription AMM INVS centered between a wheat sheaf on the observe, the mint mark, DVN for DV(roverno)N representing the city of Dvrobrivae (Cantiacorvm) at Rochester, Kent on the reverse. It appeared that Prince Adminius had obtained rulership or administrative authority over Cantium, possibly replacing the deceased elderly King Vodenos in the region of Eastern Kent in southeast Britain.  The preferential treatment of Prince Adminius over Togodumnus and Caradoc was suggested by the British genealogist David Hughes that he was a older and possibly a half-brother by another mother in the family of King Belinus (Beli, Cymbeline, Cunobelinus). This is also in harmony with his name, Adminius, or ad-mindios which means “to be crowned”.


One history on the flight of Adminius into exile suggests that Adminius returned after his father’s death and married his new young wife, Carmandua, the Queen of the Brigantes and thus claiming rulership not only of the estates of his father, but Northumbria also.  According to Hughes, Adminius would have had to have married the 5th and last wife of his father, Cunobelinus, just after his death, and as such claiming rulership over the Catuvellauni Kingdom and also Tribe of the Brigantes in the Kingdom of Northumbria, the inheritance of his wife. 


Within months Prince Adminius was routed by a local uprising, in 41 CE, and again fled this time to the Roman military command center of the Emperor Caligula that were encamped at Mainz, Germany in the Roman province of Gaul.  There he sought the attention of the madRoman Caesar Caligula to entice him that the Isle of Britannia was ripe” for invasion. According to another variation of this British royal intrigue, Queen Carmandua, the new king’s bride and queen in her own tribal province, turned against her husband, and incited Caligula to murder King Adminius, and in turn became the new wife or mistress of the emperor.


The Invasion of Britannia by Caligula, the Insane Emperor of Rome


Image:Caligula bust bw blackbg.jpgCaligula attempted to invade Britain by raising a navy at Boulogne but when he saw the approaching British navy, his navy mutinied and he abandoned the invasion in what Suetonius and Dio Cassius described as “farcical circumstances, ordering his soldiers to attack the waves and gather seashells as the spoils of victory.”  (Suetonius in “Lives of the Twelve Caesars”, Caligula 44.2-47; and Dio Cassius in “Roman History”, 59.25) cited in Wikipedia, Cunobelinus)


Caligula, “The “Insane Emperor of Rome”


With Caligula’s invasion of Britain completed, the Insane Emperor of Rome”, headed back to Rome.  With Rome in such turmoil, Caligula’s days were numbered for a conspiracy involving his own body guards, the Praetorian Guard, along with members of the Roman Senate assassinated him on January 24, 41 CE. The Rome Senate conspirators were seeking to restore the Roman Republic, but quickly saw their dreams thwarted when the Praetorian Guard established Caligula’s uncle, the future Claudius Caesar to the imperial throne. 


Back in Britain, with the death of King Belinus (Cunobelinus) just prior to the years of the Roman invasion to Britain of 42 - 43 CE, Cunobelinus’ son, Prince Caratacus went on to finish the conquest of the tribal lands of the Atrebates and sent their king, King Verica in flight also to Rome, where the new emperor, Claudius Caesar was establishing his own power.  With King Verica of the Atrebates in his fold and the Prince Adminius asking for Rome’s assistance, Claudius Caesar now had the pretext of preparing an immense invasion force to finally take possession of the coveted island, Britannia that was called the Covenanted Land”. 


With King Verica of the Atrebates in his fold and the Prince Adminius asking for his assistance, Claudius Caesar now had the pretext of preparing an immense invasion force to finally take possession of the coveted island, Britannia that was called the Covenanted Land”.  The royal family of Cunobelinus were furious with the refusal of Rome to return the fugitive Adminius to be punished for his palace revolution.  The anti-Roman sentiment began to escalate in Britannia.


With the invasion of Claudius to the Isle of Britannia, some scholars suggest that Verica was restored in the Atrebates tribal region. Adminius may have been restored in the Cantium region and possibly lived in the Roman Villa recently discovered at Eccles next to the crossing of the North Downs Way and the River Medway.  This was suggested by an inscription that was found in Chichester.  It gives the name of Lucullus, son of Amminus in which Dr. Miles Russell argues is Sallustius Lucullus, the Roman governor of Britain in the later part of the 1st century CE, who was the son of Adminius.    


Water Drain way and Bath very Reminiscent of the Canals and Mikvah Baths by the Essenes at Qumran – Photo by Robert Mock


According to these classical genealogists, including David Hughes, Adminius was the son of Cunobelinus, the brother of Caradoc, the Pendragon of Britain and the Prince who brought the invitation to Joseph of Arimathea and the band of 12 disciples of Yahshua HaNotzri (Jesus the Nazarene) to settle in the Cornwall region at the Sacred Isles at Glastonbury, England.


Now we can envision how the God of Israel was preparing the nations of the world and the Lost Tribes of the House of Israel that were imbedded within these 70 nations for the acceptance of the Good News of the life, ministry, death, and resurrection of the Eternal Ones’ Messiah.  There on the Isles of the West, the first “seeds of what would eventually become a messianic religion, albeit corrupted later into Christianity would soon erupt upon this planet earthOf the first twelve apostolic emissaries to Europe that went as exiled refugees with Joseph of Arimathea, we can now identity:


The Refugees


Joseph of Arimathea, the Prince of David, and the paternal uncle of the Princess Miriam, mother of the Messiah Yahshua (Jesus) was a Roman decurion and metal merchant. He had the Roman contract to mine lead and tin along the coast of Cornwall, England. As the Paranymphos or Jewish guardian of his niece, tradition states that the Apostle John, when he began his apostolic missionary tours, left Mary into the care and custody of Joseph of Arimathea


The Sarcophagi of Joseph of Marmore from Arimathea in the Chapel dedicated to Mary, the mother of Yahshua – Photo Robert Mock MD


1.    Lazarus of the Bethany family became the first priest or presbyter in the Bethany Nazarene Ecclesia which had been converted into a “house of prayer”. He later became the first priest or presbyter on the island of Cyprus.  Later as a member of the “fugitives”, he became one of the leaders of the Jewish Nazarene Ecclesia in Avalon.  There he helped to build the first Torah Nazarene Yeshiva (Seminary) in Europe. Tradition claims that he later returned back to Marseilles along the coastline of the Mediterranean as its first priest or presbyter in the Jewish Nazarene Synagogue of Marseilles, where he died seven years later. A cave in the bottom of the most ancient basilica in Marseilles, the Church of St. Victor is the Grotto of Lazarus where he lived, preached, and ministered to the people.  


2.    Maximin was one the 70 disciples of Yahshua and eventually became the head of the 70 disciples that spread the “Good New” all over the Roman Province of Gaul.  The town and basilica of St. Maximin is forty miles northeast of Marseilles.  It is well placed along a valley of vineyards and olive garden that is surrounded by the Ste. Baume Mountain RangeThere in the quaint Middle Eastern appearing town of white houses, plaza, and fountains is the memorial to this Nazarene giant.  Not only was he a dynamic leader of the Nazarene faith, but was also the “Paranymphos” or guardian for Mary Magdalene whose relics reside in the crypt of Church of St. Maximin today.


The Land of English Gardens hold a Reminder of the Jewish Nazarene, Mary of Magdala who was a Grower of Perfumed and Scented Plants – Photo by Robert Mock


3.    Mary Magdalene of the Bethany family became the Apostle to the Apostles.  She was one of the founding instructors at the Avalon Nazarene Yeshiva (Seminary) that was associated with the Jewish Culdee Nazarene Synagogue at AvalonShe later returned to southern Provence valley and in the latter years of her life where she lived in isolation up high in a hillside cave along the side of the Ste. Baume Mountain Range, about twenty five miles from Marseilles.   Nearby about 10 miles was the town of Maximinus where her guardian, Maximin, was the driving force of the Nazarenes in southern France. The most haunting memory is evoked in the isolate cave dwelling, far away from any sign of populationIt is reminiscent of one who would be hunted by the Romans and kept in isolation and seclusion.


4.    Trophimus was known to us in scripture as the Rich Young Ruler”.  According to tradition he was a “Greek” from the east. Today, we would consider him to be a possible “lost Israelite”.  Most Christians think that he went away sorrowful and left the messianic faith of the Jewish Nazarenes.  In reality, Trophimus became a dynamic force for the early Jewish Nazarene Ecclesia for his mission was in the middle district of Provincia Gallica in Gaul. His home was in the city of Arles, 54 miles northwest of Marseilles, where along the bank of the Rhone River the Cathedral of St. Trophime stands today in his memory.  He became the first priest or presbyter of Jewish Nazarene Ecclesia in Arles and whose region of influence became the entire District of Narbonne, France.  


5.    Martha of the Bethany family was a dynamic leader who spent her life mixing and living amongst the populous of nearly Tarascon to the city of Arles. There are many traditions of Martha in this region. All are centered upon her selfless mission to help the poor and the homeless. Her guardian or “Paranymphos” was Trophimus who lived nearby at the city of Arles. Martha relics are found today in the Cathedral at Arles, called the Cathedral of St. Trophime.


The Chapel of Miriam where the Original Synagogue of the Jewish Nazarenes Worshipped – the Tomb of Joseph of Arimathea Downstairs – Photo by Robert Mock


6.    Salome was the daughter of Prince Joachim, whom most tradition mistakenly claims was the father of Mary the mother of Jesus.  Her Levite mother, JoAnna (Jane), was the sister of Elizabeth, the wife of the temple priest Zacharias and mother of John the Baptist, and Hannah (Anna), the wife of Heli, the mother of Miriam, the grandmother of Yahshua. These three were the three daughters of the High Priest Yahshua III ben Phaebi ben BoethusSalome married Zebedee and they became parents of the famous brothers called the Sons of Thunder”; the Apostles James and John. 


The Chapel of Miriam the Mother of the Messiah Yahshua, the Most Complete Structure Remaining at the Site of the Glastonbury Monastery – Photo by Robert Mock


This makes Salome the cousin to the Princess Miriam.  The Apostles James and John were the third cousins to Yahshua (Jesus). All were of priestly lineages by the authorized High Priestly family of Zadok, the high priest of King David.  As one of the women, she was under the guardianship of Joseph of ArimatheaSalome appears to be identified with the refugee exiles as Mary Salome, for Mary in Hebrew means “princess”.  With the rest of the exiles, she lived and no doubt taught in the Nazarene seminary on the Isle of Avalon. She later went back to live and minister near the beachfront site where years before they landed as refugees from Judea along Mediterranean coastline at the town of Ste. Maries de la Mer. It is believed that her remains are in the chapel in the apse above the choir in the Basilica of the Ste. Maries de la Camaroque


7.    Sidonius (Restitutus whose blind eyes were healed by Yahshua) most prominent tradition was that he lived north of Marseilles in the little village of St. Restitut. His mission was as the first priest or presbyter at the Roman colony of Augusts Tricastinorum, now identified as the town, St. Paul Trois Chateaux, today. There in the chapel-church on the hilltop overlooking the village of St. Restitute, his reputed tomb was in the lower story that was surrounded by a cupola.   


8.    Eutropius became the first priest or presbyter of the Jewish Nazarene Synagogue at Aquitaine. From there his preaching of the “Good News” spread to Orance (Aurasicum) and Saintes (Sanctonas).


9.    Cleon’s identity is not known.  It would not be unreasonable to suggest that Cleon was a mispronunciation of Cleopatras, known in the biblical traditions as Cleopas, who walked with Yahshua on the road to EmmausCleopas or Clopas was known in early Nazarene history as the uncle of Yahshua (Jesus) for he was Joseph the Carpenter’s younger brother, whose twin’s name was Ptolas (Ptolemaeus or Ptolemy).


10.  Saturninus became the 1st priest or presbyter of Toulouse (Tolosam) France where he met his death by a mob who threw him down from the capital.


Natural Beauty as the Path to the Divine

Photo by Robert Mock


11.  Marcellus, was the handmaiden of the Bethany sisters, and accompanied them for their care and assistance.  Additional traditions at the Basilica of Ste. Marie dela Mer include also a young maiden, Sarah, who is represented as being “black”, that may not be the color of her skin but the fact that she was recognized esoterically as being “hidden” or “unknown”.  She has been most identified with Mary Magdalene, who of all the Madonna cults in Gaul, especially in France, are the “Black Madonna” who are more revered by the poor, the disenfranchised, and the gypsies than the Madonna the mother of the Messiah (Christ). 


12.  Martial’s identity is not known but his parents were identified as Marcellus and Elizabeth.  These three, were later identified with Zaccheus the publican tax collector, who along with Joseph of Arimathea went to the ancient region of Lemovices and Augustoritum, in what is called Limoges today.  There he became the 1st apostolic missionary as noted in the Aquitaine legends(Fastes Episcop, Vol ii, pg. 104)


All twelve were now safely hidden in a protective natural fortress where the forces of Rome would never be able to penetrate. The little Nazarene settlement at Avalon soon gained a world-wide reputation.  Their Nazarene Seminary graduated messianic Torah scholars which they sent across the English Channel into Europe. Though the Nation of Britain did not become a Christian nation immediately, it does not mean, that the many were converted into the Jewish Nazarene faith.  Britain would not make the Nazarene Culdees a national religion until about the year of 166 CE. By then the seed of Roman corruption had begun to set in. It would take 250 years before pagan Rome would be conquered by Christianity.  Strange as it may seen, Pagan Rome would someday be conquered by a British descendant of Joseph of Arimathea; Constantine the Great. 



Go to Section Two

The Jewish Nazarene Refugees Flee to the Isle of Avalon



To understand more about the Return of the 10 Tribes of Israel, contact

Kol Ha Tor, the Voice of the Turtledove,

As a Reception from the House of Judah is forming to await the returning House of Israel

We are Associated Supporters of the Kol HaTor Vision

HaTor today


The Divine Mission to Restore the Lost Sheep (Tribes) of the House of Israel

Part Eleven


Go to Section One –

Joseph of Arimathea, the Jewish Metal Merchant and Apostle to Britannia


Go to Section Two –

The Jewish Nazarene Refugees Flee to the Isle of Avalon


Go to Section Three –

The Jewish Nazarene Culdee Yeshiva and the British Cymric Druids


Go to Section Four –

The Early Formative and Lost Years of Jesus


Go to Section Five –

The Vetusta Ecclesia – The Ancient Synagogue built by the Hand of God’s Messiah


Go to Section Six –

The History of the Vetusta Nazarene Synagogue (Ancient Ecclesia)


Go to Section Seven –

The Exile of the Ten Tribes of Israel


Go to Section Eight –

The Early Israelite Migrations


Go to Section Nine –

God’s Battle-Axe – Mystery of the Pashtun Israelites of Afghanistan


Go to Section Ten –

The Durrani Pashtun Afghan Bani-Israel Empire and its Legacy –

the Islamic Messiah, the Mahdi and the anti-Messiah, the Dajjal


Go to Section Eleven –

The Israelite-Scythian Migration to Europe


Go to Section Twelve –

Finding a New Home for the Lost Tribes of Israel


Go to Section Thirteen –

Rothschild Sabbatean Zionist State of Israel preparing the Future Home for the Returning Ten Tribes of the House of Israel


Go to Section Fourteen –

The Final Days of the Labor Zionist State of Israel as the

Messiah calls the Lost Tribes of Israel to come Home


Message from BibleSearchers


BibleSearchers scans the world for information that has relevance on the time of the end.  It is our prayer that this will allow the believers in the Almighty One of Israel to “watch and be ready”.  Our readiness has nothing to do trying to halt the progression of evil on our planet earth.  In our readiness, we seek to be prepared for the coming of the Messiah of Israel so that goodness and evil will be manifested in its fullest.  Our preparation is a pathway of spiritual readiness for a world of peace.  Our defender is the Lord of hosts. The time of the end suggests that the Eternal One of Israel’s intent is to close out this chapter of earth’s history so that the perpetrators of evil, those that seek power, greed and control, will be eliminated from this planet earth.  The wars of the heavens are being played out on this planet earth and humans will live through it to testify of the might, power, justice and the love of the God of Israel.  In a world of corruption and disinformation, we cannot always know what the historical truth is and who is promoting evil or mis-information.  We cannot guarantee our sources but we will always seek to portray trends that can be validated in the Torah and the testimony of the prophets of the Old and the New Testament.



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